Python Web Development From Basics to Deployment


Here’s a step-by-step guide for Python web development, from basics to deployment, using Flask as the web framework

Step 1: Setup and Installation

1. Install Python:

Download and install the latest version of Python from

1. Install Virtual Environment:

Open a terminal or command prompt and create a virtual environment for your project.

python -m venv myenv

3. Activate Virtual Environment:

Activate the virtual environment.

On Windows:


On macOS/Linux:

source myenv/bin/activate

Step 2: Install Flask

1. Install Flask:

Within the activated virtual environment, install Flask using pip.

pip install Flask

Step 3: Create a Simple Flask App

1. Create Project Folder:

Create a new folder for your project.

mkdir myflaskapp
cd myflaskapp

2. Create App File:

Create a file named and add the following code.

from flask import Flask

app = Flask(__name__)

def hello():
    return 'Hello, Flask!'

3. Run the App:

Run your Flask app.


Open your browser and go to to see your Flask app in action.

Step 4: HTML Templates and Static Files

1. Create Templates Folder:

Inside your project folder, create a folder named ‘templates’.

mkdir templates

2. Create HTML Template:

Create an HTML file inside the ‘templates’ folder.

    My Flask App


Hello, Flask!

3. Update Flask App:

Modify your to render the HTML template.

from flask import Flask, render_template

app = Flask(__name__)

def hello():
    return render_template('index.html')

Step 5: Deployment with Heroku

1. Create ‘requirements.txt’:

Create a ‘requirements.txt’ file listing your project dependencies.

pip freeze > requirements.txt

2. Create Procfile:

Create a ‘Procfile’ (without any file extension) in your project folder with the following content:

web: python

3. Initialize Git Repository:

Initialize a Git repository in your project folder.

git init

1. Commit Changes:

Add and commit your changes.

git add .
git commit -m "Initial commit"

5. Heroku Setup:

  • Install the Heroku CLI from here.
  • Login to your Heroku account.
heroku login

6. Create a Heroku App:

Create a new Heroku app.

heroku create

7. Deploy to Heroku:

Deploy your app to Heroku.

git push heroku master

8. Open the App:

Open your deployed app in the browser.

heroku open

Congratulations! You’ve successfully created a simple Flask app and deployed it to Heroku. This guide covers the basics, and you can continue to explore more advanced features and topics as you delve deeper into Python web development.

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